About the Open Access and Libraries Conference 2009

Open Access and Libraries:

The State of the Art of Open Access and Google Books Projects-What It All Means for
Libraries, Library Users, and You

The Second Annual International Conference Sponsored by:


(International Library Information and Analytic Center; Offices in Moscow and Washington D.C.)


The Harriman Institute and Columbia University Libraries

Organized by The U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian,

the ‘how I run my library good’SM letter

Place: School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University

Kellogg Center, 15th Floor, 420 West 118th Street

between Amsterdam Avenue and Morningside Drive, New York City.

Date and Time: Tuesday, March 17, 2009, 8:15AM – 4:00PM


Fees and Registration:

$110 – Members of the American Library Association, LACUNY, METRO, and subscribers
to the U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian

$135 – Unaffiliated with any of the above

Program & Speakers

8:15 – 9:00 AM: Registration

9:00 AM – Noon: Morning Program:

Moderator: Maurice J. Freedman, Conference Organizer; Publisher,
The U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian, the ‘how I run my
library good’SM letter
; and Past President, ALA

Greetings and Introduction: James G. Neal, Host and Vice President
for Information Services and. University Librarian, Columbia University


  • 1. Keynote Speaker: Yakov Shrayberg, Open Access
    in Russia and CIS Library and Information Space.
    Director General of the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology
    and President of ILIAC.

Because of his preeminent leadership position in the Russian and CIS (Commonwealth
of Independent States) library community, Yakov Shrayberg is in an expert
position to discuss the plans and strategies of these nations to create a
database of electronic publications held by their libraries and their perspective
on the issue of open access to electronic publications. It also will be good
to learn what the implications for Russia and the CIS of U.S. open access
and related developments. Can such U.S. projects as the Open Knowledge Commons,
SPARC, the Internet Archive, Project Gutenberg, etc. serve as models for them?

Refreshments Break (10:15-10:30)

  • 2. Daniel Clancy, Whither the Google Books Project? Engineering Director for Google Book SearchWhat are Google’s plans for the vast electronic database it is creating of
    the full-text of books in the world’s great research libraries? What are Google’s
    short and long-range plans for access for the users of libraries that are
    and are not project participants? What are Google’s book search strategies
    and what has Google Book Search learned about how the books database is being
    used? What fee structure(s) are planned for the proprietary access that will
    be available to the general population? What key points need to be understood
    by librarians and publishers about the Google Book Search Settlement Agreement?

Lunch [Off-site, no host]

1:30PM Afternoon Program

  • 3. Heather Joseph, SPARC and Electronic Serial Publications—Open
    Access and

Not-so-Open Access to the Serial Literature Vital to Research in the Scholarly
CommunityExecutive Director, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition),
Washington DC.

SPARC’s self-description (http://www.arl.org/sparc/about/faq/index.shtml#1)
states the issues well: “SPARC is an alliance of universities, research
libraries, and organizations built as a constructive response to market dysfunctions
in the scholarly communication system. These dysfunctions have reduced dissemination
of scholarship and crippled libraries. SPARC serves as a catalyst for action,
helping to create systems that expand information dissemination and use in
a networked digital environment while responding to the needs of scholars
and academe.” Heather Joseph will examine the past, present, and future
of open access to electronic serials databases and the impact of proprietary
serial databases on scholarly research. If you are tired of being gouged for
access to commercial databases—an especially charged issue in today’s economy—some
alternatives and options will be offered.

Refreshments Break (2:30-2:45PM)

  • 4. Maura Marx, Open Access Is Free Access to Electronic Books—Multiple
    Projects to Create a Reservoir of Electronic Print Materials
    Executive Director, Open Knowledge Commons, Boston MA

Why are such open access initiatives as the Open Knowledge Commons, the
Open Content Alliance, the Internet Archive, Project Gutenberg, etc. (all
“open” large scale digitization projects—all alternatives to the
restricted access Google Books Project) so important?

The Open Knowledge Commons is a new project funded by the Alfred P. Sloan
Foundation to help coordinate the myriad worldwide initiatives dedicated
to the goal of a universal digital library. A prime motivation for Sloan
funding was the need for a central, unified advocacy organization to make
the larger vision of a global, multilingual open library possible. Maura
Marx will explore the issues dividing the fee-based access to the Google
Books Project database and free access to information, which
has been the foundation of the public library movement in the U.S.

Conclusion and Wrap-Up (3:45-4:00PM)

The Issues:

“Open Access and Libraries” will focus on what is going on today and the future
prospects for electronic book and serial publishing.

What does open access mean for libraries, library users, and the general public?

Will the riches and resources of our libraries and the publications of our
scholars be freely accessible to all or will access be limited only to those
who can pay for it?

What is going on along the twin paths of open access book and serial projects
and the proprietary Google Books Library Project and Google Book Search? How
will they coexist? Who will pay and how much? What are the key points of the
Google Book Search Settlement Agreement?

What does all of this mean for library users? What will become of the library
ideal and the cornerstone of the public library movement, free access to information?

What are the implications of “open “digital library projects such
as the Internet Archive, Project Gutenberg, etc. and the role of the Open
Knowledge Commons
—all of which were created to advance the cause of open
access to recorded knowledge?

These initiatives aim to ensure that knowledge in the digital age does not
become a commodity, bought and sold by commercial interests. These massive scale
digitization projects have resulted in technological advances including better
and faster scanning technology, shared regional repositories and new discovery
and delivery services.

SPARC and the role it plays as an agency promoting open access to scholarly
serial publishing will be examined, especially as a response to the seemingly
predatory and monopolistic practices of many serial publishers.

What are the plans of Google for developing its proprietary Google Books
Library Project and Google Book Search? Especially important is the question,
what will be the pricing strategy—for libraries and their users and for the

What is the status of open access in Russia and the CIS? Are the issues
similar or different than we face in the U.S.? How do developments in the U.S.
effect people in these countries and elsewhere?

And more…

Intended Audience:

The future of databases of electronic versions of books and serials should
be of interest to everyone who works in libraries and in the publishing industry,
and even the general public. In addition to the broad appeal, all reference
librarians need to know what is going on in the most crucial growth areas of
electronic information resources. Library managers will need to have an understanding
of the budget implications for proprietary and open access databases. Academic
and research librarians need to know what the issues and developments are in
accessing scholarly serial electronic publications. People in the publishing
community surely will want to learn about the latest developments and plans
for the Google Books Library Project and Google Book Search.

Fees and Registration:

$110 – Members of the American Library Association, LACUNY, METRO, and subscribers
to the U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian

$135 – Unaffiliated with any of the above

Other Material


Relevant URLs:

Open Content Alliance
Internet Archive

Google Books
NY Times article on Google Book Search
Open Knowledge Communs – Under construction as of this writing

Harriman Institute
Columbia University Libraries
The U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian
[2008 Conference: Google and Libraries]
Two Analyses by Jonathon Band for ALA & ARL of the Google Library Project Settlement:
http://www.ala.org/ala/aboutala/offices/oitp/googlepaprfnl.pdf   [ALA only]

http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/google-settlement-13nov08.pdf   [ALA and ARL]


Open Access and Libraries is the second annual one-day international
conference sponsored by ILIAC and the Harriman Institute and Columbia University
Libraries. The 2008 conference, Google and Libraries, was so successful
that attendees requested that there be another conference in 2009. These conferences
originated at the request of ILIAC , an international library organization based
in Moscow and Washington, DC that conducts annual study tours of U.S. libraries.
At the invitation of ILIAC, Maurice J. Freedman, Publisher of The U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM
Librarian, the ‘how I run my library good’SM letter
, organized
both the 2008 and 2009 conferences in consultation with ILIAC and Columbia University

We trust that you will find this year’s conference on Open Access and Libraries
stimulating, informative, and, indeed, exciting. The speakers occupy positions
central to open access developments—the Executive Directors of SPARC and the
Open Knowledge Commons—to the proprietary Google Books Library Project, and
what is going on in Russian and CIS libraries. This should guarantee a comprehensive
picture of the state of the art of open access and libraries today and for the
foreseeable future.


Short Biographies of Speakers:


Dr., Prof. Yakov Shrayberg is Director General of the Russian
National Public Library for Science and Technology (http://www.gpntb.ru/),
President of ILIAC (http://www.iliac.org/)
and Head of Department of Information Technologies and Electronic Libraries
at Moscow University

of Culture and Arts. Dr. Shrayberg has managed several projects of Russian Federal
Target Programs on information technologies and electronic libraries.

ILIAC, under Dr. Shrayberg’s leadership, has been responsible for the 15 annual
international Crimea Conferences, the most greatly attended conference of Russian-speaking
and other librarians and exhibitors in the world.  As with last year’s
Fifteenth International Jubilee, Crimea Conference, the Crimea Conference for 2009 will be held in Sudak, Ukraine,
on the shore of the Black Sea.

Dr. Daniel J. Clancy, PhD, is the Engineering Director for Google Book
Search.  The goal of the Google Book Search project is to digitize the
world’s books and make them searchable online.  Google is working with
both publishers and libraries as part of this project. Prior to coming to Google
in January 2005, Dr. Clancy was the Director of the Exploration Technologies
Directorate at NASA Ames Research center. The Directorate supports over 700
people performing both basic and applied research in a diverse range of technology
areas intended to enable both robotic and human exploration missions.
Technology areas include Intelligent Systems, High-end Computing, Human-centered
Systems, Bio/Nanotechnology, Entry Systems and others.  In this role, Dr.
Clancy played numerous roles at the agency level including participating in
the team that developed the agency’s plan to return men to the Moon and eventually

Dr. Clancy received his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in artificial
intelligence. While in school, Dr. Clancy also worked at Trilogy Corporation,
the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Xerox Webster Research center. Dr. Clancy
received a Bachelor of Arts from Duke University in 1985 in computer science
and theatre.

Heather Joseph joined SPARC as director in July 2005. Heather is responsible
for SPARC’s overall program development. She determines and implements SPARC
goals; leads SPARC’s advocacy efforts to support widespread adoption of open
access to scholarly research; identifies and negotiates partnerships with scholarly
publishers; builds coalitions of support; and generally represents the interests
and values of SPARC to the stakeholders in scholarly communication.

Before coming to SPARC, the culmination of Heather’s career in scholarly publishing
was serving as President and Chief Operating Officer for BioOne, a SPARC publisher
partner. Under her leadership, BioOne focused on helping small scholarly societies
in the biological sciences remain independent and competitive in the electronic
arena, while maintaining academy friendly access policies. For her work in successfully
launching and establishing BioOne, Heather was awarded the 2002 Association
of Learned and Professional Society Publishers’ Award for Services to Not-for-Profit
Publishing. She also served as elected president of the Society for Scholarly
Publishing for the 2004–2005 term.

Maura Marx began her career in Europe in development for the arts with
organizations including the Guggenheim Museum (Salzburg) and Warner Brothers.
She then worked as an executive in the U.S. technology sector before coming
to the library world. Her accomplishments have included strategic planning,
fundraising, technology planning and public relations for organizations at varying
stages of growth. She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Digital
Commonwealth, the Massachusetts statewide digital library, and holds degrees
from the University of Notre Dame, Middlebury College and Simmons College.

“Ms. Marx’s background in working both inside and outside the library
system will help her communicate with a broad public audience the shape of the
new public library services in this digital age.” said Brewster Kahle,
Digital Librarian of the Internet Archive. “Her dynamic style,

deep-seated commitment to open principles, and demonstrated success at implementing
partnerships and initiatives in the digital space …” all will contribute
to her success and leadership role on the national and global stage. “We
are delighted that Maura will take on this leadership role.. [of] supporting
a universal digital library that is truly open, non-profit, and non-exclusive”
said Doron Weber, Program Director at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. “Maura
will …play a leadership role on the national and global stage.”


The International Library, Information, and Analytical center (ILIAC)
is a non-profit US and Russia-based corporation established with the
goal to contribute to the development of educational, scientific, cultural and
business cooperation between Russia and CIS countries, and the USA and other
developed countries. As part of its educational program, ILIAC promotes the
regular exchange of teachers, students, and professionals. In attendance will
be two-dozen or more English-speaking Russian and CIS librarians who are current
study-tour participants.

The Harriman Institute at Columbia University, formerly the Russian
Institute, has maintained its position as a leading center for the advancement
of knowledge in the field of Russian and Eurasian studies through the research
conducted by its faculty, students, fellows and visiting scholars and the training
of scholars and professionals. The Harriman Institute, through its programs,
conferences, lectures, and publications—including Open Access and Libraries—seeks
to create a forum for intellectual exchange and the further enhancement of our
students’ education.

Conference Organizer:

The U*N*A*B*A*S*H*E*DTM Librarian, the ‘how I run my library
good’SM letter
is a quarterly serial publication for libraries
of a practical nature. Begun in 1973 by Marvin H. Scilken, it has been published
by Maurice J. Freedman since 2000. In addition to the magazine, U*L offers library
consulting services, and conference planning. Mr. Freedman is also a Past President
of the American Library Association.


We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Jenna Freedman, Barnard College
Library; Richard Johnson, Consultant; Heather Joseph, SPARC; Maura Marx, Open
Knowledge Commons; James Neal, Columbia University Libraries; and Ksenia Volkova,
Chief Specialist, ILIAC, all of whom provided valuable suggestions and input
for the organization of this program and its speakers.

We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Columbia University Libraries,
Harriman Institute, ILIAC, and the School of International and Public Affairs
for support of the conference and facilities arrangements.